Heavy Menstrual Bleeding: What Is The Problem?

DATE: September 20, 2017


Due to statistics, over 70% of women suffer from heavy menstrual bleeding. But unfortunately, only few of them know that this is a symptom of a serious disease.

Pain in the abdomen during menstruation is considered a mundane event, that is why, women bravely endure these unpleasant sensations. The repeatability of this symptom and its relationship to the physiological phenomenon – have created a lasting impression that pain is an integral component of menstrual bleeding, which can not be eliminated. But modern gynecologists disagree with this opinion. The experts have identified painful periods in a separate pathology called “algomenorrhea” and have long learned how to fight it.

Algomenorea – painful menstruation – is a very common disorder. 70% of women of childbearing age suffer from severe pain, affecting daily activity and ability to work. Abdominal pain with algomenorrhea can be aching or spasmodic, localized more often in the lower abdomen, extending to the lower back, the sacrum, and the inner thighs. Very often this problem is accompanied with heavy menstrual bleeding, which also affects the quality of the life.

If you have heavy periods, accompanied by increased pains and blood clots, then it can signal the presence or development of certain pathologies. Normal blood loss is about 80 ml per day. If it is more, then it is necessary to pay attention to this and visit the gynecologist.

What Are The Criteria For Heavy Menstrual Bleeding?

Every woman needs to know the criteria of a heavy menstrual bleeding. This is necessary in order to contact a doctor for medical help (if it is necessary) and to prevent the negative consequences of possible diseases.

Signs of heavy menstrual bleeding:

• The easiest way to know if you are experiencing heavy menstrual bleeding is to take note of how often you are soaking through a pad or tampon.

• The duration of menstruation is more than 7 days.

• The woman loses more than 80 ml of blood per day during the periods.

• Presence of blood clots.

• Menstruation is accompanied by severe fatigue, shortness of breath during and after menstruation.

• The woman should wear more than one pad at time.

In addition to heavy bleeding the woman can suffer from severe pain, nausea, vomiting, loose stools, sweating and cardiopalmus. In most cases, painful and heavy periods are accompanied by disorders of the nervous system – irritability, crying, headache, dizziness, sometimes fainting may appear.

What Causes Heavy Menstrual Bleeding?

In order to understand what to do with heavy menstrual bleeding, it is necessary to find out the reason of this problem. First of all it is needed to perform a pelvic exam, make a complete analysis of the microflora and some series of tests. After receiving the data, the doctor will accurately determine the cause of severe bleeding during menstruation.

The most common reasons of heavy bleeding and severe pain:

• abortion or miscarriage;
• deficiency of microelements, which are responsible for thrombosis (calcium, vitamin K, C, iron);
• the use of a large amount of cultured milk foods which promote the production of enzymes that interfere with blood clotting;
• a violation of the endocrine gland functions;
• the presence of cancer and pathological processes in the uterus (myomas, polyps, endometriosis, etc.);
• hormonal imbalance;
• ovulatory dysfunctions;
• contraceptive medications.

What To Do?

If you suffer from heavy menstrual bleeding, then there are many ways that help reduce the amount of blood loss:

• reduce the number and frequency of physical exercises;
• minimize the use of alcohol and coffee;
• avoid the overheating;
• stop taking vasodilator medicines, as they may increase bleeding (consult a specialist before cancellation);
• increase the consumption of foods rich in vitamin C, folic acid and iron (because they help to normalize blood circulation).

CATEGORY: Women Health

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