DATE: May 31, 2017
First of all you need to know what eczema is exactly. It’s a skin disorder that causes visible changes and swelling along with other symptoms on the surface of the skin. The swelling is caused by an accumulation of liquid between skin cells and in severe cases you can notice drops leaking out from affected areas.
There are many variations of this condition which have been grouped into three main categories which you can read about further along.
Eczema Caused by External Factors
This has been mentioned in the Contact Dermatitis Treatment article, and there are two types: Irritant Contact Dermatitis and Allergic Contact Dermatitis. The first is triggered by coming into contact with an external allergen and affects the area that has come into contact with that substance. The second condition is more complicated as a reaction is produced inside the body, in the immune system, brought on by contact with an allergen. In these cases, outbreaks can spread further than the contact area of skin making it more difficult to identify the cause. If, however, the allergen has been introduced orally, the reaction is usually made present minutes later, making it easier to confirm what the guilty allergen was.
Sweat, friction, heat and humidity also make triggers for externally caused eczema, for example after a vigorous workout you find irritated areas on the skin near your neck and behind the knees.
Eczema Cause by Internal Factors
The most common is atopic dermatitis, mentioned in the article Atopic Dermatitis Treatment. It’s probably one of the hardest types to treat, since the definitive cause hasn’t been determined yet.
So what do we know about it? It most likely results from an extreme reaction in the immune system with symptoms that include swelling, constant itch, redness, and sometimes drops of liquid.
Other types of internally caused eczema are:
Dyshidrotic eczema: Much like atopic dermatitis, but with lesions that look like blisters that appear on your fingers. The cause of this condition is also hard to identify but it’s usually treated in a similar fashion to atopic dermatitis.
Seborrhoeic eczema: when there’s an overreaction to yeast, for example, athlete’s foot.
Ateatotic eczema: common in the elderly and makes skin appear dry and cracked. Mainly caused by low temperatures and frequent washing of the skin.
Varicose eczema: the cause isusually related to poor circulation in the legs, made present in swollen ankles and varicose veins. This type of eczema darkens the skin on your legs.
After identifying the type of eczema you’re suffering from, check with your doctor on the best treatments before the condition worsens.
Other Causes of Eczema
There are other rare types of eczema such as neuro dermatitis or lichen simplex, produced by nervous actions or ‘tics’ like constantly licking and scratching areas of the skin. This is commonly caused by stress or anxiety.
Finding a treatment that will work for you is important, and combining standard therapy with complementary therapy is the key to a speedy recovery.
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